What did United States achieve in Afghanistan in 20 years?

United States takes credit for disrupting al-Qaeda’s networks in Afghanistan and has neutralised the terrorist’s capability to attack the American mainland.

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New Delhi: Since October 2001, it is for the first time that there is no American troops on Afghanistan soil. U.S. President Joe Biden defended his decision to pull back the American forces which led the Taliban to take over the capital city, Kabul on August 15. On Tuesday, Biden said that he was left with only two options after the withdrawal agreement in February 2020 with Taliban- either to keep the deal or send in more troops.  “I was not going to extend this forever war, and I was not extending a forever exit,” He said.

As the never-ending war come to an end. What did America accomplish from it?

Joe Biden has now readdressed the America’s foreign policy from national security point of view. On Tuesday, he stated, the U.S.A invaded Afghanistan because of the 9/11 attack and not because of Taliban ruling Afghanistan. Earlier in July, he said “America didn’t go to Afghanistan to nation-build”. The main objective of America in Afghanistan was to disrupt al-Qaeda and eliminate Osama Bin Laden who was the mastermind behind 9/11 terrorist attack. Biden said the U.S. met their primary goals and is de-emphasising the Taliban rule in Afghanistan. The argument was that defeating Taliban was not the main objective of America, as they were not their main enemy.

In December 2001, the Taliban offered to surrender on modest terms but former President George W. Bush rejected their offer and his Defence Forces vowed to defeat them. U.S. didn’t pull back from Afghanistan after the fall of Taliban regime and the insurgents backed off to the Afghan mountains and Pakistan. After eliminating Bin Laden, America didn’t withdraw in 2011.

According to Biden, the Taliban are now a problem of the Afghanistan’s civilian, not of Americans. The State Department even stated that the Taliban and Haqqani network, “are two different entities”.

United States takes credit for disrupting al-Qaeda’s networks in Afghanistan and has neutralised the terrorist’s capability to attack the American mainland. But the question arises whether it was required to spend 2 trillion dollars and stay 20 years in Afghanistan and to lose around 2,300 soldiers to meet the modest objective.

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