New Delhi: The Jallianwala Bagh massacre dates back to April 1919, the Britishers were facing a huge protest against the Rowlatt Act in Punjab. The act let the Britishers arrest people without any trial or warrant. On April 14, Michel O’ Dwyer imposed martial law in Amritsar, Punjab and also sent Brigadier General R E H Dyer from Jalandhar cantonment to Amritsar.
April 13, the day of Baisakhi, number of people went to Golden Temple to celebrate the festival. As the day passed, many people headed to the nearby Jallianwala Bagh to join the public meeting opposing the arrest of Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr. Satyapal. They were arrested for not following the Rowlatt Act. The local leader called out for a protest in the evening.
On hearing the large gathering, General Dyer ordered the troops to open fire without any given warning. 376 persons were killed in the massacre.
Jallianwala Bagh has been a tourist spot in Amritsar as people come from around the world to examine the bullet holes and see the horrifying events that took place in the massacre.
Over the years Jallianwala Bagh has gone under many repairs and touch-ups, but the alley has been remain untouched ever since.
As the memorial was rebuilt recently, the centre faced criticism. Martyrs’ Descendants said they’ll boycott all the state-level events in the memory of Martyr until the memorial is restored to its real state and even targeted Punjab Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh. Many historians stated that the new look of Jallianwala Bagh has erased the memories of massacre.