One in two women undergoes in C-section in Private Hospitals shows NFHS data
The ideal rate of C-section deliveries is between 10% and 15%, according to WHO.
The C-section is Caesarean section which is performed during operational child birth. The increasing trend in private medical facilities, have seen a rise in operations from 40% to 47%.
The total C-section in pan-India numbers has increased from 17% in 2014-2015 to 21% in 2019-2020, according to NFHS-5. This means one in five women who goes to private medical facility, undergoes a C-section.
When the rates rise towards 10% across a population, the number of maternal and newborn deaths decreases. There is no evidence that mortality rate improves.
Out of seven or eight deliveries conduct through C-section in private hospitals. Some states that are West Bengal (82.7%), Jammu and Kashmir (82.1%), Tamil Nadu (81.5%), Andaman and Nicobar (79.2%) and Assam (70.6%). Many states had a poor record in past and there are many who have jumped in such surgeries.
These include Assam (17.3 percentage point’s increase to 70.6%), Odisha (17 percentage points 70.7%), Punjab (15.8 percentage points to 55.5%), Tamil Nadu (12.5 percentage points to 63.8%) and Karnataka (12.2 percentage points to 52.5%). C-section deliveries have also increased in public hospitals, but this could partly be due to an increase in institutional deliveries in such facilities from 52.1% in 2014-2015 to 61.9% in 2019-2020.
States with the biggest surge across public health facilities were Sikkim (12.3 percentage points), Punjab (12.1 percentage points), Goa (11.6 percentage points), Chandigarh (10.9 percentage points) and Tamil Nadu (9.7 percentage points).