Step by step guide to how wine is made

There are five stages that make up the winemaking process. As referenced , winemakers do add their varieties to the process to add their unique flavor to the wine.


Wine making has been around for millennia. In its essential form, wine production is generally a natural process that requires very little human effort. Mother nature  gives all that is required to make wine; it is dependent upon people to decorate, improve. There are five fundamental stages or steps to making wine: harvesting, crushing and squeezing, fermentation, clarification, and afterward maturing and bottling. While these five stages are compulsorily followed by the winemakers, they do add their own variation to the process to add an unique touch to their wine.


The initial phase in making wine is harvesting. It is the grapes which contain every necessary esters, tannins and acids that make heavenly wine. The second at which the grapes are picked from the vineyard is the thing that really decides the sweetness, flavor and acidity of the wine. 

Alongside the conventional tasting technique, choosing when to harvest the grapes additionally requires a reasonable bit of science. It is vital to ensure that the sweetness and acidity of the grapes are in wonderful balance while picking the grapes. What’s more, not to neglect, climate additionally assumes a significant part in the harvesting process. 

Harvesting can be possible by hand or by machines. Notwithstanding, a large number of the winemakers like to do it by hand as machines are known to negatively affect the grapes and also the vineyard. Whenever grapes are picked, they are taken to the winery and are then arranged in bundles. Under ripe and spoiled grapes are taken out.

Crushing and squeezing

When the grapes are arranged in bundles, the time has come to de-stem them and crush them. This crushing and squeezing process used to be done by feet before. 

Greater part of the winemakers currently do the crushing process with the help of machines. There are mechanical presses accessible which trod or stomp the grapes into ‘must’. 

Must is known as a fresh grape juice which is the result of the crushing process and usually contains seeds, solids and skins of the grapes. Assuming white wine is being

made, the seeds, solids and skins are immediately removed from the grape juice to keep the tannins and colors from leaching in the white wine. Then again, if red wine is being made, the seeds, solids and skins are permitted to keep in touch with the juice to allow the juice to get extra tannins, flavor and also 



Must normally begin maturing within 6 to 12 hours when wild yeast is added to it. 

However, a large number of winemakers add cultured yeast to the must to anticipate the ultimate result and guarantee consistency. 

This fermentation process proceeds until all the sugar is changed into liquor, bringing about the creation of dry wine. In the event that sweet wine is to be made, winemakers end the process in the middle to prevent sugar from changing over.


After fermentation, it’s the ideal opportunity for clarification now. This is the process wherein tannins, proteins and dead yeast is taken out from the wine. For this, the wine is moved into treated steel tanks or oak barrels. 

Filtration or fining measure is utilized for clarification. For clarification, substances like clay are likewise added to bring about the fining process so that the impurities will stick to the clay.

Aging and Bottling

The last phase of this process is aging and packaging the wine. The wine can be quickly packaged or the winemaker can give extra maturing to the wine. Visit a wine bar today and taste the authentic wine of your choice.

For maturing, the wine is moved to oak barrels, hardened steel tanks or jugs. A considerable lot of the winemakers incline toward utilizing oak barrels for maturing as it is known to add a rounder, smoother and more vanilla-like flavor to the wine.


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