Basic Color Theory in Landscaping Design

Design your yard with the correct color scheme to give a more vibrant and aesthetic vibe to your yard. Basics of color schemes are fundamental to understand what kind of landscape you desire to get.


Landscape designers base their efforts on various principles, including structure, line, texture, scale, and color. Secondary principles that depend on the five primary principles include proportion, transition, and unity.

Knowing the basics of color theory is essential to anybody wanting to understand how successful landscapes are designed, commercial landscaping services can assist commercial owners wanting to create a landscape that is satisfying to the eye.

Your choice of color to be utilized in the yard ought not be considered in isolation. Always remember how color interplays with the colors of other essential components, with different principles of a landscape design, and with the general objectives of your plan. 

Color in context

Color, alongside the other fundamental design components, applies not only to the general landscape yet additionally to garden beds and planting areas inside the landscape. In an individual flower garden bed, the principles of line, structure, texture, scale, color, proportion, transition, and unity likewise apply on an individual scale. The only difference might be that color is much more significant in a garden, since this is where we normally need color to be the star.

Color wheel Categories

Color theory in design depends on the color wheel, a standard round representation that shows the connection between every one of the different colors of the spectrum. The spectrum of colors is frequently separated into four classes:

  • Primary colors: reds, yellows, and blues 
  • Secondary colors: greens, violets (purples), and oranges 
  • Tertiary colors: Blends of the primary and secondary classifications 
  • Neutral colors: White, grays, and silvers. Grey is an uncommon color for blossoms or berries, however, a model is to be found on bayberry bushes. 

The secondary colors are made by mixing two primary colors in equal proportions. Subsequently, red and yellow combine to create orange, yellow, and blue produce green, and red and blue yield purple. 

The mixes are known as “tertiary colors” which add a further component of intricacy to the color wheel. They are mixes of primary and secondary colors, creating not totally various colors, but rather colors that incorporate characteristics of both: 

  • Yellow-green 
  • Blue-green 
  • Blue-violet 
  • Red-orange 
  • Orange-yellow

Combining colors

Utilizing color theory as your guide, you can pick the colors to use with the goal that they “go together” to create various effects. This should be possible in various ways.

Cool colors vs warm colors

One normal method of classifying the colors of the spectrum is by separating them into warm shadings and cool tones. This classification is regularly used to influence mood and perception in a landscape. Blue, purple and green are considered “cool tones” and their effect on viewers will in general be relaxing and calming. Hence, for a nursery, blue or potentially purple blossoms are legitimate decisions. Red, yellow, and orange are considered “warm shadings,” and they will in general energize and empower the viewer. As well as utilizing the warm/cool characteristics to impact mood, warm and cool tones can be utilized for different impacts:

  • In a small yard, consolidating warm and cool tones can change the perception depth. Place blossoms with warm colors in the foreground. Behind them, position blossoms with cool tones, beginning with darker shades (like purple), followed by shades that are progressively lighter. This will create an illusion of depth. You can likewise make this illusion by putting bigger plant material in the closer view, then, tapering the size of your plants as you work your way in deeper. The impact is to make the nursery appear to be a lot bigger and more deeper than it really is.
  • Warm tones like red can make excessively huge spaces appear to be more modest and cozier. The warm shadings seem to come forward in the landscape and appear to be nearer than they are in reality—consequently scaling the entire landscape in the process.
  • The warm shadings are generally attention-grabbers since they bring a mood that arouses instead of relaxes. To bring guests into space, make a focal point utilizing red, yellow, or orange—or each of the three.


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