New World vs. Old World

Edited by Shivangi Srivastava


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Have you ever come across “New world Wine” and “Old World Wine” term before? I bet you have. Maybe you have heard it from a friend of yours or through a podcast or you may have read it somewhere. Sometimes it’s confusing to understand the difference between the two. It was not until some later years in the industry that I sat down with the resident Sommelier of the hotel I used to work at, I go to understand the basics of it.

After he explained the difference, it was as clear as to what all key things to look for when distinguishing New World Wines from the Old World Wine. Some of the aspects we have covered in the past articles, it would help you understand the concept better. So, let’s dive into the topic and understand this key difference.

Geographical Location

As we know by now, grapes are grown in a region which lies between 30 to 50 degrees North and South of the Equator. This is an optimal temperature for the grapes to produce the best result in terms of flavour, juice, and pulp within. Naturally, the wine-producing regions fall under these locations. However, these regions are subcategorized as New World or Old World.

The Old World region is a combination of European and Middle Eastern countries, which is considered to be the birthplace for wine. It was evident that old world wine regions are considered to be the traditional centric wine-producing wine region. The countries may include- France, Spain, Italy, Germany, Portugal, Austria, Greece, Lebanon, Israel, Croatia, Georgia, Romania, Hungary, and Switzerland.

The New World regions are any of the countries which fall outside of these parameters. Over here the importance is given to the innovative and modern techniques in the winemaking process.

Making Process

The Old World winemakers use the same old traditional way to produce wines, which has been used for centuries before. Additionally, they are bound to delivering that ‘elegant style’ of wine which resonates with the Old World Wines. Although they are grounded with tradition in winemaking, they have started to adopt the new methods to produce more quality wines.

The New World winemakers pursue the technological advancement to make their wine full of fruit flavour and a fuller-bodied wine. The omission of oak plays a vital role in producing this effect and hence you’ll find wines from these countries ‘fruit-forward’.


When we talk about this factor, the Old World winemakers tend to give importance to the environmental aspects, which in turn emphasizes the variety and vintages of the wine.

On the other hand, the New World winemakers have importance to themselves as to producing the most consumer-friendly potable wine. Wines from these reasons are well balanced and most often than not comes without any vintages.


The label plays an important role in distinguishing both the worlds. The Old World wines generally depict the region from where the wine comes from. You’ll never find the blend or the grape varietal on the label.

The New World wines put the varietal on the label along with the producer’s name. This makes the consumer aware of the grape varietal upfront and is easily recognizable among the new wine drinkers.

I hope you enjoyed this article and must have understood a little bit more about wine than yesterday. If you are enjoying the content, please share your thoughts for me to improve.


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